[94] He engaged the Brazilian military to help fight the wildfires on August 24, which Joint Staff member Lt. Brig. [69] INPE had reported that at least 74,155 fires have been detected in all of Brazil,[70] which represents an 84-percent increase from the same period in 2018.

The chieftain said two models of development were currently facing off in the Amazon: “the development of destruction” and the sustainable “development of construction and knowledge”.

"It is responsible for 80% to 90% of the loss of tropical forests around the world," Sizer said. Stop Eating Meat", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon.

[6][78][79] NASA and US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) also published satellite imagery from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite in alignment with INPE's own, that showed smoke plumes from the wildfires were visible from space. While most of the Pantanal regions—140,000 and 195,000 square kilometres (54,000 and 75,000 sq mi)—is within Brazil's borders in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, the natural region also extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia. [33], Past data from INPE has shown the number of fires with the BLA from January to August in any year to be routinely higher than 60,000 fires from 2002 to 2007 and as high as 90,000 in 2003. “The feeling is one of desolation,” Rittl said, adding: “2020 is going to be a terrible year.”, Batista compared Bolsonaro’s approach to the forest fires to his denialist handling of coronavirus, which has now killed more than 120,000 Brazilians. Similar year-to-year increases in fires were subsequently reported in Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru, with the 2019 fire counts within each nation of over 19,000, 11,000 and 6,700, respectively, as of August 29, 2019[update]. The rate of deforestation was the "worst in more than a decade" with 970,000 hectares (2,400,000 acres) lost.

[102], In a webcast issued November 28, 2019, President Jair Bolsonaro blamed actor and environmentalist Leonardo DiCaprio for the rainforest wildfires, alleging NGOs set the fires in return for donations.

[56][63] There was further increase in the rate of deforestation in July 2019, with the INPE estimating that more than 1,345 square kilometres (519 sq mi; 134,500 ha; 332,000 acres) of land had been deforested in the month and would be on track to surpass the area of Greater London by the end of the month. Softening his position about aid from the G7. [92] Araújo stated that: "President Bolsonaro's government is rebuilding Brazil", and that foreign nations were using the "environmental crisis" as a weapon to stop this rebuilding. [99][170] The Trump administration did not approve of the measure as the funding set certain requirements on its use.

[13], On November 18, 2019 Brazilian authorities announced the official deforestation figures, based on the PRODES satellite monitoring system for the 2019 forest year — from August 1, 2018 to July 31, 2019.

[107] Additionally, some indigenous groups that have traditionally used fire management practices for agricultural livelihoods are being criminalized.

Among the most vocal was Macron, given the proximity of French Guiana to Brazil. [20] In some cases, workers performing the burn are unskilled, and may inadvertently allow these fires to spread.

Greenpeace calculated that despite the military mobilization and burning ban there had been only an 8% reduction in fires between mid-July and mid-August compared with last year. [23] In recent years, "land-grabbers" (grileiros) have been illegally cutting deep into the forest in "Brazil's indigenous territories and other protected forests throughout the Amazon". As of August 29, 2019[update], INPE reported more than 80,000 fires across all of Brazil, a 77% year-to-year increase for the same tracking period, with more than 40,000 in the Brazil's Legal Amazon (Amazônia Legal or BLA), which contains 60% of the Amazon. [71] NASA originally reported in mid-August that MODIS satellites reported average numbers of fires in the region compared with data from the past 15 years; the numbers were above average for the year in the states of Amazonas and Rondônia, but below average for Mato Grosso and Pará.
[156], By August 22, NASA's AIRS published maps of increased carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide resulting from Brazil's wildfires. [62] INPE reported a year-to-year increase of 88% in wildfire occurrences in June 2019. Across the globe, cleared land is needed to expand agriculture and other activities, such as the cattle ranching, soy production and logging favored in Brazil, according to Nigel Sizer, a tropical forest ecologist and chief program officer with the. [183], American restaurateur Eddie Huang said he is going vegan as a result of the 2019 Amazon fires. In July, as pressure from international investors intensified, Brazil announced a four-month ban on burning designed to reassure the world something was being done.

© 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies.

[111], In addition to environmental harm, the slash-and-burn actions leading to the wildfires have threatened the approximately 306,000 indigenous people in Brazil who reside near or within the rainforest.

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